Author : Nisha Choudhary ; Kids Club School, Jaipur
Today more than 70% of agricultural households spend more than they earn and more than half of them are in debt (Drishti IAS). Farmers use high cost inputs like chemical fertilizers and pesticides, seeds which reduces the fertility of soil and productivity. To combat this, the government of India introduced natural farming methods like Zero Budget Natural Farming in order to match their goal of doubling farmers’ income by 2022. Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is a form of agriculture, inspired by traditional methods which tends to aim at reducing the cost of inputs and increasing productivity. Mainly, it aims to increase the health of farm and soil fertility. In ZBNF, natural fertilizers are used to confirm the working theory of four pillars of farming: Jeevamrutha, Bijamrita, Acchadana and Whapasa (La Via Campesina). Although each one of these pillars will be elaborated on later, they all generally agree to use alternatives to fertilizers.