Author : Arka Sharma
The Shri Ram School Moulsari, Gurugram, Haryana, India
Career choices are continuously evolving. Many careers that were considered viable a couple of decades ago are now extinct. Simultaneously, new industries and careers have risen due to the growth of technology and development in India. The objective of the research study was to capture the transformation of the career landscape in India by capturing the changes in career perspectives of four generations- Generation Z (16-22 years of age), Millennials (23-38 years of age), Generation X (39-54 years of age) and Boomers+ (55 years of age and above) - in India. An online survey was conducted with Indian urban households containing respondents from each generation to elicit their perspectives about their preferred career choices (ideal versus real-world) and factors affecting their career choices. The research study found a shift from ‘traditional’ career choices like teaching and accountancy to ‘non-traditional’ career choices like blogging/content creation and modelling, caused due to the growth of online platforms and greater opportunities are available to the younger generations. The study indicates that societal pressure and family requirements, including marriage, have lost importance as a factor affecting career choices through the generations. Based on the study, recommendations are given to educational institutions to conduct tests to gauge the interests and strengths of young students to develop their skills further. Additionally, educational institutes and policy makers should conduct research to discover new and viable career paths and continue to modify their policies and learning and teaching strategies to keep up with the times.
Research Paper :