Author : Ahana Sur
The Shri Ram School Aravali, Gurugram, India
Films are one of the most widely-consumed forms of media worldwide; thus, they exert a great influence on mindsets. One of these areas is the representation of gender relations. Typically, Hollywood and Bollywood films promote unequal and patriarchal gender representations of men and women, thus reinforcing mainstream practices that place women in an inferior position to men, in terms of their impact on viewers. The aim of the present research study is to analyse two films with atypical representations of the two female protagonists and consider their impact on viewers in the U.S. and India. An in-depth thematic analysis of the Bollywood film Mom (2017) and the Hollywood film Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017) was carried out. It was found that these films challenged the conventional conceptions of male heroes, defied stereotypical representations of women, and redefined gender roles for society through their defiance for stereotypically gendered behaviour and usage of cinematic techniques to show the women to be on par with the men. Additionally, through the protagonist’s refusal to conform to conventional gender-based behaviours presented by society, they are able to liberate female viewers by empowering them to think and act beyond the given social restraints. In the future, analyses of film with regards to representations of other genders on the spectrum can be conducted, as well as an assessment on the use of cinematic techniques in their portrayals of other genders in one film to see if any such biases occur.
Author : Devesh Maheshwari
Delhi Public School Mathura Road, New Delhi, India
There is a significant difference in the performance of students in government schools and urban private schools. The lack of facilities and supervision leads to a poor standard of learning in government schools, and only those who do not have the resources to transition to urban private ones are subjected to sub-par educational norms. There is a need to uplift these communities by integrating tech in educational institutions in these backwaters. The present study compares the efficacy of augmenting lectures with animated videos in teaching STEM concepts with that of traditional methods based solely on oral explanation. The secondary goal is to determine which pedagogical methodology generates more interest in the concerned field. The experimental data was generated through lessons with animated videos and lectures. The effectiveness of each method was calculated from analyzing sample performance on lesson-based tests. Since the research was conducted at an NGO, the sample mainly consisted of students (n = 38) from lower-tier socioeconomic classes. Likert scale questions were implemented to gauge interest and engagement. The Blended approach yielded higher scores indicating a higher level of understanding. It was revealed that blended learning through animation led to greater interest and engagement of students in the subjects.
Author : Spencer Chang
Mountain View High School, Vancouver, Washington, USA
The Trillium printer coming out for the next generation of HP printers comes from the design of the Taccola printer, which had notably bad reviews. In order to make a better printer, HP wanted to capitalize on the weak points of the Taccola printer, keep the strong points, and design Trillium with the best of both worlds. 17000 customer comments from the last 3 months were analyzed to find general sentiment on the product. Using Python machine learning, the comments were run though sentiment models in order to deliver a minimum of 80% of sentiments correct. Using Sentence-Bert, SentenceTransformer, and spatial distance, a 90% accuracy rate was achieved. In conclusion, the main weakness of the Taccola needs to change its app in order to function smoother.
Fostering Resilience: The Impact of Perceived Parenting Styles in Cultivating Resilience in Indian Adolescents
Author : Anvii Mishra
Lotus Valley International School, Noida
Resilient children are shown to grow into more mature and successful individuals. Against this background, understanding what factors lead to the cultivation of resilience could help in fostering this virtue in children. The present study focuses on understanding the elements of Indian parenting styles, as perceived through the lens of Indian adolescents, and examines their impact on cultivating resilience in adolescents through a -quantitative approach i.e. survey was conducted for 45 adolescents (14= males, 30= females, 1= non-binary) of age group 12-18 years living in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India, who were asked to rate their parents’ parenting styles through a series of statements that reveal specific parenting styles identified. Among the various parenting styles, the findings of the study indicate permissive and authoritative are correlated with overall development and fostering resilience in Indian adolescents. This implies that parents’ should seek to deploy a mixture of these elements of parenting in order to foster resilience among their adolescents.
Influencing consumer behaviour: How framing, anchoring and bandwagon effect sway online shopping decision making
Author : Ananya A. Saxena
Heritage International Xperiential School, Gurgaon
Advertisements are an essential part of our lives. We see them on TV, on billboards and even on social media that the population spends half their day on. For advertisers it is important that a consumer’s decision to buy a product be in the favour of their company. To that extent, they employ biases which unconsciously affects the consumer’s decision. Hence the present study aims to investigate the extent to which 3 of the biases- framing effect, anchoring effect and bandwagon effect, influence the consumer’s decision. A self constructed questionnaire was used with a sample size of 30 participants (13 males, 17 females) residing in urban areas of Delhi NCR. Findings of the survey indicate that these biases do have an effect on the consumer’s decision to buy the product. The findings are essential in the field of advertisement, especially in an online scenario, where companies want to be more successful with advertising.
Author : Ria Bhatnagar
Indus International School, Bangalore
Music is a significant tool in studying the socio-cultural norms, attitudes and beliefs of a society. Representations of women are often defined by how men view women, or by how society expects women to look and behave. The present study aims to explore the shifting representations of females and female sexuality in India from 1970 to the present through the lens of Bollywood ‘item songs’. A Thematic Analysis of the lyrical content of four songs, chosen through purposive sampling technique was carried out. The findings indicate that item songs illustrate a gendered power dynamic, stereotyping and normalisation of rape culture. Given the rising number of cases of violence against women and the internalised objectification of women in Indian society, it is imperative to investigate how such media is influencing individual’s values, perceptions and choices. The hypersexualisation and fixation on women’s physical appearance and bodies leads to unrealistic body standards and expectations, which could result in psychological disorders related to eating and body dysphoria. These implications of the study are discussed further.
Authors : Ma Xiaoxiao and Hang Yizhou
Hwa Chong Institution, Singapore
Place cells are hippocampal neurons that fire at a high rate whenever the animal is in a specific location in the environment. In previous studies, the existence of place cells of rodents is widely proved. However, there are few researches regarding place cells found in human and non-human primates. To elucidate whether primates have place cells and how these cells work, we examined the macaques’ navigation behaviour and hippocampal activities as they searched a virtual reality maze for a reward. Through processing and analysing the data, our findings confirm the existence of place cells in non-human primates. This discovery sheds light on both the field of neuroscience and medicine, paving the way to understanding and even curing previously irreversible cognitive diseases.
Author : Arnav Kapoor
DPS RK Puram, New Delhi, India
In the modern world, light pollution has grown to become an increasingly serious issue, affecting the lives of plants and animals alike in major ways by altering their circadian rhythms. The purpose of the study was to find correlations between the amount of a nation’s population affected by light pollution and demographic factors of that population. Through a quantitative approach, the research study sought to examine the impact of the following factors — population density, per capita income, literacy rate, forest cover, urbanisation — on the artificial brightness of an area. A regression analysis was conducted on the data for 178 United Nations Recognized Countries. The study found that the percentage of urban population and GDP per capita had a statistically significant impact on light pollution: the greater the percentage of urban population and the GDP per capita the more light pollution there was, at the probability level of p<.01. It was also found that in Indian cities, light pollution decreased with an increase in literacy rate, showing that education and awareness needs to be brought to the field. The results of this research study shows that human activity, particularly in the urban sector, exerts a strong impact on light pollution. Therefore, smart lighting, pollution-efficient lights, and streetlamps, etc. should be considered in urban planning and city design so that they can be implemented on a wide scale. This not only reduces light pollution, but also reduces energy consumption, thereby providing an economic incentive to prevent light pollution.
Choice or Imposition? Factors that Influence the Receptivity of the Elderly in Lucknow Towards Staying at Senior-Living Homes
Author : Mahi Agarwal
The International school Bangalore
In an increasingly urbanized society of India, the phenomenon of the elderly spending their twilight years in senior-living homes is gradually becoming more prevalent in big cities like Delhi and Mumbai. A senior living home is a home for elderly people where they are provided all the amenities they may need to stay healthy and comfortable. Urbanised in the context of Indian cities means that the city is much more technologically and socially advanced than the rest. This trend has concomitantly been accompanied by the rise in the number of such institutions to meet the demand. Hence, the present research study focuses on whether a trend was also representative of other parts of India by conducting an online survey among 70 elderly citizens of Lucknow, belonging to the age group of 65 years and more living in urban/rural areas of Lucknow. Besides this, interviews were conducted with few respondents to generate more in-depth knowledge of the topic Thematic analysis revealed sociocultural characteristics, factors specific to Lucknow. Nonetheless, the study shows that the reluctance of Lucknow elderly to stay at senior-living homes may be a situation that could change in the not-too-distant future. With the convergence of their aging and the movement of social trends away from joint families and home-based care services, the elderly in Lucknow may have to prepare themselves for the prospect of living in these institutions. A social trend is a term used to describe events that society as a whole follows or considers correct. Senior-living home industries and policymakers in Lucknow could benefit from the current study to enhance the quantity and quality of these homes to make them an attractive alternative for the elderly to want to move there.
Authors : Emily Gao , Durham Academy: 3601 Ridge Road, Durham, NC 27705
Matthew Lu , Chapel Hill High School: 9217 Seawell School Rd, Chapel Hill, NC 27516
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused global lockdowns and social distancing, which have greatly changed people’s life styles and overall health. We are interested to explore how this has affected adolescences’ dental health. Our study used an online survey for US students aged 10-18 to examine the pandemic’s impacts on eating habits, dental homecare, and dental visits. Wilcoxon two-sample and Chi-square tests were performed to compare the variables between students who kept routine dental checkups during the pandemic with those who did not. Using a logistic regression model, we also explored whether fear level of COIVD-19 and family cultural background associate with dental visit decisions. We found that 54.7% of respondents have increased snack consumption due to the pandemic. About 19.1% have increased supplemental intake. Among all supplements, the major form was gummy (60.4%). For dental homecare, 21.0% reported less seriousness, and 64.7% reported the same level of seriousness. Routine dental visits during the pandemic have decreased. Students with greater fear levels and non-US cultural backgrounds tended not to visit the dentist during the pandemic compared to students with lower fear levels and US cultural backgrounds (Ps < 0.01). Our results suggest that the pandemic has had an overall negative impact on the dental health of US students, associated with increased fear levels and a non-US cultural background. Dental care providers should be more proactive in providing dental health education and consider cultural backgrounds. Mental health counseling may also be helpful to maintain dental visits by minimizing fear levels.